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Who’s on Trump’s short list to replace Supreme Court Justice Kennedy?

Joan Larsen offers conservatives the possibility of installing a justice who could serve for three decades. | Cliff Owen/AP Photo

President Donald Trump will replace Supreme Court Justice Anthony Kennedy with one of 25 people from a previously released list, he affirmed Wednesday after news broke that Kennedy, the court’s longtime swing vote, is retiring.

Trump said the process of nominating a justice will “begin immediately.”

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“Hopefully, we will pick someone who is just as outstanding,” Trump told reporters in the Oval Office. “It will be somebody from that list.”

Here is a look at the 25 people Trump has said he will choose from:

Amy Coney Barrett of Indiana, U.S. Court of Appeals for the 7th Circuit. She previously clerked for late Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia. She was appointed by Trump and confirmed to the 7th Circuit Court of Appeals in October 2017.

She is a graduate of Notre Dame Law School.

Keith Blackwell of Georgia, Supreme Court of Georgia. He was appointed to the Supreme Court of Georgia in July 2012 after previously serving on the Court of Appeals of Georgia.

He served as a clerk for Judge J.L. Edmondson of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 11th Circuit after graduating from the University of Georgia School of Law.

Charles Canady is pictured.

Charles Canady is pictured in 2015. | Steve Cannon/AP Photo

Charles Canady of Florida, Supreme Court of Florida. A former member of the Florida House of Representatives and the U.S. House of Representatives, Canady was appointed to the Florida Supreme Court in 2008.

His colleagues elected him to his second term as chief justice in 2018. A graduate of Yale Law School, he introduced the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act in Congress in 1995; it was ultimately vetoed by President Bill Clinton.

Steven M. Colloton is pictured.

Steven Colloton is pictured in 2016. | Jose Luis Magana/AP Photo

Steven Colloton of Iowa, U.S. Court of Appeals for the 8th Circuit. On a list short on Ivy League graduates, Colloton’s educational pedigree is notable. He earned his undergraduate degree from Princeton, went to law school at Yale and served as a law clerk to Chief Justice William Rehnquist.

The judge spent about eight years as a federal prosecutor in Iowa and later served two years as U.S. attorney in Des Moines before being tapped by President George W. Bush for the federal appeals court in 2003. He also spent almost two years working for Ken Starr, the special prosecutor who investigated Clinton regarding Whitewater and his affair with White House intern Monica Lewinsky.

Colorado Supreme Court Justice Allison Eid is pictured.

Allison Eid is pictured in 2017. | Alex Brandon/AP Photo

Allison Eid of Colorado, U.S. Court of Appeals for the 10th Circuit. Eid was appointed by Trump to fill the U.S. 10th Circuit Court of Appeals seat that was vacated by Supreme Court Justice Neil Gorsuch.

She previously served on the Colorado Supreme Court and as solicitor general of Colorado. She clerked for Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas.

Britt Grant of Georgia, Supreme Court of Georgia. Grant joined the Georgia Supreme Court in 2017. She served as solicitor general in Georgia from 2015 to 2017.

Trump has nominated her to serve as a judge on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 11th Circuit. After graduating from Stanford Law School, she clerked for D.C. Circuit Court Judge Brett Kavanaugh and served in the George W. Bush White House.

Raymond W. Gruender is pictured.

Raymond Gruender is pictured in 2001. | James A. Finley/AP Photo

Raymond Gruender of Missouri, U.S. Court of Appeals for the 8th Circuit. Gruender, a former U.S. attorney in St. Louis under Bush, has been a solidly conservative vote on the 8th Circuit since winning confirmation on a 97-1 vote in 2004. Before taking the U.S. attorney post, he worked as a prosecutor there, handling white-collar crime and corruption cases involving county council members, as well as lawyers and judges connected to a scandal in Missouri’s workers’ compensation system.

On the appeals court, Gruender wrote an en banc decision in 2008 upholding South Dakota’s “informed consent” law on abortion, and he later wrote an opinion stating that the state has the right to force physicians to tell women seeking abortions that they would be at risk of committing suicide if they underwent the procedure. (Colloton, who sits on the same court, also endorsed both those views.)

Judge Thomas Hardiman is pictured.

Thomas Hardiman is pictured in 2017., | Matt Slocum/AP Photo

Thomas Hardiman of Pennsylvania, U.S. Court of Appeals for the 3rd Circuit. Hardiman spent about three years as a federal judge in Pittsburgh before being nominated to the 3rd Circuit in 2006. Hardiman graduated from Notre Dame and went to law school at Georgetown.

A 2007 ruling Hardiman wrote upheld the constitutionality of strip searches of jail prisoners regardless of how minor the offense of which they were accused. The Supreme Court later endorsed his decision, 5-4.

Hardiman won favor with gun rights advocates for a 2013 dissent that said New Jersey was violating the Second Amendment to the Constitution by requiring those seeking to carry a handgun to demonstrate a “justifiable need” for such a permit.

Brett Kavanaugh speaks in the Rose Garden.

Brett Kavanaugh is pictured in 2006. | Dennis Brack/Bloomberg via Getty Images

Brett Kavanaugh of Maryland, U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit. Kavanaugh was appointed to the powerful D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals in 2006 by Bush, for whom he had previously served as assistant to the president and staff secretary.

A graduate of Yale Law School, Kavanaugh clerked for Kennedy from 1994 to 1997, and, for part of 1998, he was associate counsel for Starr as he investigated Clinton.

Raymond Kethledge of Michigan, U.S. Court of Appeals for the 6th Circuit. Kethledge, who joined the 6th Circuit in 2008, has a resume with something rarely seen on Trump’s SCOTUS list: a stint on Capitol Hill. The University of Michigan law school graduate spent a couple of years as a Judiciary Committee counsel to former Sen. Spencer Abraham (R-Mich.) before heading across the street to clerk for Kennedy.

In 2014, Kethledge wrote an opinion rejecting a groundbreaking Equal Employment Opportunity Commission case seeking to limit private employers’ use of credit checks for job applicants. The EEOC argued that the practice amounted to racial discrimination. Kethledge accused the agency of hypocrisy.

Last year, Kethledge issued a politically charged ruling blasting the Obama administration for “continuous resistance” to efforts to discover what actions the IRS took against conservative nonprofit groups.

Michigan Supreme Court Justice Joan Larsen participates in a panel discussion.

Joan Larsen is pictured in 2016. | Cliff Owen/AP Photo

Joan Larsen of Michigan, U.S. Court of Appeals for the 6th Circuit. Larsen offers conservatives the possibility of installing a justice who could serve for three decades.

She also has the shortest judicial record of any of those considered finalists: She spent nearly all of her legal career as a law professor at the University of Michigan before being appointed to that state’s top court in September 2015, less than a year before Trump publicly named her as a potential Supreme Court pick.

A Northwestern law grad, Larsen clerked for Scalia.

Sen. Mike Lee is pictured.

Sen. Mike Lee (R-Utah) is pictured in 2015. | Drew Angerer/Getty Images

Mike Lee of Utah, U.S. senator. Lee is one of the most conservative members of the Senate. He clerked for Justice Samuel Alito when Alito was a judge on the 3rd Circuit Court of Appeals and worked as an assistant United States attorney in Utah.

Lee was elected to the Senate in 2010 and reelected in 2016.

Thomas Lee is pictured.

Thomas Lee is pictured in 2010. | Francisco Kjolseth/The Salt Lake Tribune

Thomas Lee of Utah, Supreme Court of Utah. Lee was appointed to the Utah Supreme Court in 2010.

He previously clerked for Thomas and worked as deputy assistant attorney general in the civil division in 2004 and 2005 under Bush.

Edward Mansfield of Iowa, Supreme Court of Iowa. Mansfield was appointed to the Iowa Supreme Court in 2011 after serving two years on the Iowa Court of Appeals.

He is a graduate of Yale Law School.

Judge Federico Moreno is seen Miami on July 16, 2010.

Federico Moreno is pictured in 2010. | Wilfredo Lee/AP Photo

Federico Moreno of Florida, U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida. Moreno was appointed to the District Court by President George H.W. Bush in 1990.

A graduate of the University of Miami School of law, he previously served as a judge on the Dade County Court and the 11th Judicial Circuit Court of Florida.

Kevin Newsom of Alabama, U.S. Court of Appeals for the 11th Circuit. He was appointed to the Circuit Court by Trump in 2017.

Newsom served as solicitor general of Alabama from 2003 to 2007. A graduate of Harvard Law School, he clerked for retired Supreme Court Justice David Souter.

Judge William Pryor is pictured.

William Pryor is pictured in 2016. | Cliff Owen/AP Photo

William Pryor of Alabama, U.S. Court of Appeals for the 11th Circuit. Pryor is a favorite among many constitutional conservatives for his often caustic criticism of the leading liberal Supreme Court decisions. He has called Roe v. Wade, the 1973 abortion rights ruling, “the worst abomination of constitutional law in our history.”

Pryor made it onto the 11th Circuit in 2004 via a rare recess appointment from George W. Bush after Senate Democrats blocked a vote on Pryor’s nomination for nearly a year. He was confirmed on a 53-45 vote in 2005 as part of the so-called Gang of 13 deal that allowed approval of several stalled Bush judicial nominees but preserved the right to filibuster.

Although Pryor’s record as an appeals court judge has been staunchly conservative, he surprised many legal observers in 2011 by joining a decision holding that some discrimination against transgender individuals is prohibited by constitutional doctrine forbidding sex discrimination.

Margaret Ryan of Virginia, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces. Ryan was appointed to the Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces by Bush in 2006.

A graduate of Notre Dame Law School, she is a veteran of the U.S. Marine Corps and clerked for Thomas.

Minnesota Supreme Court Justice David Stras questions attorneys.

David Stras is pictured in 2012. | Glenn Stube/The Star Tribune/AP Photo

David Stras of Minnesota, U.S. Court of Appeals for the 8th Circuit. Stras served as a justice on the Minnesota Supreme Court from 2010 until 2018, when he was named to the 8th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals by Trump.

He is a graduate of the University of Kansas School of Law and clerked for Thomas.

Diane Sykes is pictured.

Diane Sykes is pictured in 2016. | Jose Luis Magana/AP Photo

Diane Sykes of Wisconsin, U.S. Court of Appeals for the 7th Circuit. A former justice of the Wisconsin Supreme Court, Sykes was part of a legal movement that helped set in motion a conservative transformation of the judiciary in her home state.

Sykes was confirmed to the 7th Circuit in 2004 and was reportedly on Bush’s Supreme Court short list if a vacancy emerged in the last couple of years of his second term. On the appeals court, she issued a decision compelling a state-run university to recognize a Christian legal group as an official school organization even though the group banned leaders engaged in homosexuality or “fornication.”

Sykes also voted to reinstate Wisconsin’s voter ID law just eight weeks before the 2014 general election. The Supreme Court reversed that decision by a 6-3 vote, but the justices allowed the law to take effect once that election was complete.

Amul Thapar is pictured.

Amul Thapar is pictured in 2006. | Ed Reinke/AP Photo

Amul Thapar of Kentucky, U.S. Court of Appeals for the 6th Circuit. Thapar was named to the 6th Circuit Court of Appeals by Trump in 2017.

He previously served as U.S. attorney for the Eastern District of Kentucky under Bush and was appointed by Bush to the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Kentucky in 2008. He was the first Article III judge of South Asian descent.

Timothy Tymkovich of Colorado, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit. Tymkovich was appointed to the 10th Circuit Court of Appeals in 2003 by Bush.

A graduate of the University of Colorado Law School, he served as Colorado’s solicitor general from 1991-96.

Michigan Supreme Court Chief Justice Robert Young is pictured.

Robert Young is pictured in 2010. | Carlos Osorio/AP Photo

Robert Young of Michigan, Supreme Court of Michigan (retired). Young was named as general counsel for Michigan State University in May 2018 after he negotiated the $ 500 million settlement between the university and victims of convicted sexual predator and former gymnastics physician Larry Nassar.

Young served on the Michigan Supreme Court from 1999-2017. He is a graduate of Harvard Law School.

Don Willett testifies during a Senate Judiciary Committee Nov. 15, 2017.

Don Willett is pictured in 2017. | Carolyn Kaster/AP Photo

Don Willett of Texas, U.S. Court of Appeals for the 5th Circuit. Willet was appointed to the circuit court by Trump after serving on the Supreme Court of Texas from 2005 to 2018.

He is a graduate of Duke University Law School.

Patrick Wyrick is pictured.

Patrick Wyrick is pictured in 2015. | Sue Ogrocki/AP Photo

Patrick Wyrick of Oklahoma, Supreme Court of Oklahoma. Wyrick has served on the Oklahoma Supreme Court since 2017 and is Trump’s nominee for district judge on the U.S. District Court of Western Oklahoma.

He served as solicitor general of Oklahoma from 2011 to 2017 under then-Oklahoma Attorney General Scott Pruitt, who now serves as Trump’s EPA administrator. He is a graduate of the University of Oklahoma Law School.

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